High School

Laws of Motion, force, acceleration

Explore Newton’s Second Law of Motion and see it in action!  Build a rocket out of a balloon and straw to see how mass affects the acceleration of an object!

Interested in more at-home science activities?  Check out our library of 30+ videos here!

Looking for the answer key to this activity?  Complete this form to gain the password to our Activity Keys webpage.

Learning Objectives

#### Students will know

• Newton’s First Law
• Newton’s Second Law
• Newton’s Third Law

#### Students will understand

• The mathematical relationship between force, acceleration, and mass of an object.

#### Students will be able to

• Build and modify a balloon rocket to determine what effect mass has on acceleration
• Analyze provided data to explain if the data supports Newton’s Second Law
Standards Alignment + Connections

#### Next Generation Science Standards Connections

HS-PS2-1: Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.

#### Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Connections

P.4B: Describe and analyze motion in one dimension using equations and graphical vector addition with the concepts of distance, displacement, speed, average velocity, instantaneous velocity, frames of reference, and acceleration

P.4C: Calculate the effect of forces on objects, including the law of inertia, the relationship between force and acceleration, and the nature of force pairs between objects using methods, including free-body force diagrams

#### Materials You Will Need

• Tape
• Balloon
• String
• Straw
• Small Items (coins, buttons, etc.)